Let‘s say you have the flu and can‘t go to work. If you are insured with a public health insurance – like 90 percent of people who live in Germany – the German social security system comes into play now. Good thing Anja Büchner, Personal Consultant at Siemens-Betriebskrankenkasse SBK, has put together this post about 5 things you’ll need to know when calling in sick to work in Germany.
The following guidelines are valid for employees. For freelancers, different rules apply which have been summarized at the end of this article.
Every Company Has Their Own Rules
Naturally, it is important that you inform your employer immediately about not being able to go to work, i.e. you call in sick. Every company has its own rules concerning reporting an illness – in general, it is sufficient to make a phone call at the beginning of your working hours if you are presumably ill for three days or less.
The “Doctors Note”
In case your condition lasts longer than three days or your company demands you to hand in a sick certificate already for shorter periods of illness, you need to acquire one from a doctor. This must then be presented to your employer and your insurance company.
The 3 Copies of “Doctors Notes”
You should keep in mind that when handing you a sick note, your doctor will provide you with three copies. For reasons of data protection, the copy not stating a diagnosis is meant for the Human Resources department of your employer. The second copy must be sent to your insurance company. The remaining copy is for your own records. Transmitting your sick note can be done by mail or, more conveniently, by using your insurance provider’s app, which for example SBK offers. The sick certificate should be with your health insurance within seven days, otherwise, you risk a delay in receiving your sick benefits.
Maximum of 6 Weeks Paid Salary
If your inability to work has not been self-inflicted through gross negligence, your employer will continue to pay your salary for a maximum of six weeks, provided that the employment relationship has existed for at least four weeks without interruption and you have not been unable to work during the previous six months due to the same condition.
When Health Insurance Takes Over
In case of a more serious condition, if you are ill for more than six weeks, your health insurance will take over and pay sick benefits (so-called ‘Krankengeld’). The number of sick benefits depends: You receive 70 percent of your regular gross salary but not more than 90 percent of your net income. Single payments like a Christmas bonus are also taken into account when calculating your sick benefits. However, there is an overall maximum: The highest amount you can possibly get is €101.50 per day. You are eligible to receive sick benefits for up to 78 weeks for the same condition within a period of three years.
Self Employed and Sick?
In case you are self-employed, you receive sick pay if you have decided to pay a slightly higher contribution rate to your health insurance, which then includes sick benefits. When you get ill, you are eligible to receive sick pay from the 7th week/43rd day of being ill until you are fit to work again, but no longer than 78 weeks. If you wish to receive sick pay before the 7th week of an illness, you can choose a private additional insurance on top of your public health insurance.
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